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A century before Rosa Parks, a Black woman fought for her rights on an S.F. streetcar—and won

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A century before Rosa Parks, a Black woman fought for her rights on an S.F. streetcar—and won

By Carly Graf  via https://www.sfexaminer.com/

Charlotte Brown filed two lawsuits in 1863 asserting her right to be treated as an equal passenger

Not all battles of the Civil War were fought on the front lines. Some were fought right here in San Francisco, where courtrooms, public schools and streetcars were the battlegrounds for racial justice.

On April 17, 1863, Charlotte L. Brown, who was Black, refused to get off a horse-drawn streetcar when the conductor would not accept her ticket and instead told her to leave. When other white passengers got involved, Brown was eventually forcibly removed from the vehicle.

It was two years before the 13th Amendment abolished slavery, and almost a century before the…

Read More: A century before Rosa Parks, a Black woman fought for her rights on an S.F. streetcar—and won

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Chrysalis

I am a future butterfly at the stage of growth when I am turning into an adult. I am enclosed in a hard case shell formed by love, family, and friends. It is the hardest stage of becoming a black butterfly. You will encounter many hardships only to come out stronger and better than what you went in. At this stage, you are finding out who you truly are and how to love yourself.

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The image of the butterfly has come to define the many expressions of the feminine black consciousness and for a good reason. The butterfly is the perfect articulation of the exquisite beauty of nature. Whether tiny or large, brightly colored or more subdued, the butterfly’s allure is undeniable. Each one displays its own unique patterns and hues, and no one species outshines any other.

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